Section / DescriptionTDSThresholdPoints to Ponder
194IC10%Any amount.There should be Joint Development Agreement (JDA) registered as mentioned U/s.45(5A). Such agreement is termed as Specified Agreement.Applicable only in case of consideration made in Cash, Cheque, draft or by any other mode.Not applicable for the value of Area Sharing given by the Promoter to the Land Owner.Not applicable for Agricultural Land.Provisions of Section 203A shall apply for Promoter for obtaining a TAN and accordingly file TDS returns.  


  1. What is the position of Non-Resident Indian – Land Owner entering into JDA?

In the case of Non-Resident Indian entering into JDA, the promoter has to deduct TDS on the payment made in cash/draft/cheque and as well as kind ( value of area sharing to Land owner by promoter). The rate of TDS applicable shall be the income tax thereon at the rates in force. For eg. if transaction falls under long term capital gains then the TDS to be deducted shall be 20% plus applicable cess and surcharge.

  • What if the consideration is in both forms ie. revenue sharing & area sharing?

If the consideration is in the form of Area sharing then no TDS is required to be deducted by the Promoter and however if the consideration is partly area sharing and partly revenue sharing then the TDS shall be applicable only on the revenue sharing part, that is on payment made in cash only.

  • What if the JDA entered between the Land Owner & Promoter is not registered?

If the JDA entered between the Land Owner & Promoter is not registered as per the requirement under Registration Act 1908, then the provisions of Section 45(5A) shall not apply to such transactions and hence the provisions of Section 194IC is not applicable.

The provisions of section 194IA is applicable if JDA transaction meets the ingredients of Section 53A of Transfer of Property Act 1882. In such circumstances TDS @1% is applicable on the aggregate value of consideration received both in the form of cash/draft/cheque and kind (value of area shared by the promoter to land owner).

Once “transfer” triggered under 45(1) instead of 45(5A) then the land owner is bound to discharge his capital gains tax in the year of transfer and not in the in the year in which the certificate of completion for the whole or part of the project is issued by the competent authority.


  • Agricultural land:  means agricultural land in India, not being a land situate in any area referred to in items (a) and (b) of sub-clause (iii) of clause (14) of section 2;
  • Immovable property: means any land (other than agricultural land) or any building or part of a building.
  • Specified Agreement:  means a registered agreement in which a person owning land or building or both, agrees to allow another person to develop a real estate project on such land or building or both, in consideration of a share, being land or building or both in such project, whether with or without payment of part of the consideration in cash;


The information contained herein is of a general nature and is not intended to address the circumstances of any particular individual or entity. Although requisite caution has been taken to provide accurate and timely information, there can be no guarantee that such information is accurate as of the date it is received or that it will continue to be accurate in the future. No one should act on such information without appropriate professional advice after a thorough examination of the particular situation

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